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  • Writer's pictureCasey Reedus

How Many Wheels Did The Original ATV Have?

Updated: Dec 3, 2023

When it comes to off-road vehicles, the modern ATV (All-Terrain Vehicle) is a popular choice, known for its versatility and ability to conquer various terrains. But have you ever wondered about the origins of the ATV and how many wheels the original version had? In this article, we'll delve into the history of the original ATV, its unique wheel configuration, and its impact on the world of off-road vehicles.



The Birth of the Original ATV

The concept of the ATV can be traced back to the early 1960s when the Japanese company Honda introduced a revolutionary off-road vehicle known as the Honda US90, later renamed the Honda ATC90. This three-wheeled wonder was the precursor to today's modern ATVs.

Three Wheels: The Original Configuration


1. Front and Rear Balancing Act: The original ATV, the Honda ATC90, featured three wheels. It had two large, balloon-style tires at the rear and a single, smaller tire at the front. This unique configuration allowed the ATV to maintain balance while navigating diverse terrains.

2. Simplified Control: The three-wheel design made the ATV relatively easy to control, even for riders with limited off-road experience. It offered a stable platform while still being agile enough to handle tight turns and rough trails.

3. Versatility: The Honda ATC90 was designed to excel in a variety of off-road environments, from sandy beaches to muddy trails and everything in between. Its three-wheel setup offered a blend of stability and maneuverability that was perfect for exploration.


Impact on Off-Road Recreation


1. Off-Road Revolution: The introduction of the original three-wheeled ATV sparked a revolution in off-road recreation. It provided enthusiasts with a new way to explore challenging terrain and enjoy outdoor adventures.

2. Rapid Evolution: The success of the Honda ATC90 paved the way for further innovations in the ATV industry. Over time, manufacturers began experimenting with different wheel configurations, eventually leading to the development of four-wheeled ATVs that became the standard in the market.

3. Safety Concerns: While the three-wheeled ATV was immensely popular, it also raised safety concerns due to its stability limitations. Reports of accidents and injuries led to increased scrutiny and eventually the discontinuation of three-wheeled models.


Transition to Four-Wheeled ATVs


1. Improved Stability: In response to safety concerns, manufacturers started producing four-wheeled ATVs. The addition of an extra wheel significantly improved stability, reducing the risk of accidents.

2. Greater Payload Capacity: Four-wheeled ATVs offered increased payload capacity, allowing riders to carry more gear and tackle heavier tasks.

3. Diverse Applications: The transition to four wheels led to the development of utility ATVs designed for work-related tasks, in addition to sport and recreation models.


In conclusion, the original ATV, the Honda ATC90, had three wheels, with a single front wheel and two rear wheels. Its unique design offered a blend of stability and maneuverability that made it a game-changer in off-road recreation. While three-wheeled ATVs were popular for a time, safety concerns eventually led to the development of four-wheeled models, which are now the standard in the industry. The original three-wheeled ATV left an indelible mark on the off-road vehicle landscape and paved the way for the diverse range of ATVs we have today.

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